Approximately 98% of France’s gas consumption (4.7 Bcfd) is provided by imports, of which 24% originate from Russia. In 2009, the country produced 0.08 Bcfd of gas, from negligible proved reserves. The shale gas in-place (risked) in France’s Paris and South-East basins equals 720 Tcf of which 180 Tcf is estimated to be technically recoverable.
Germany is also very dependent on natural gas imports to satisfy the country’s demand for the fuel. In 2009, Germany consumed 9 Bcfd of natural gas, but only produced 1.4 Bcfd, from proved reserves of 6 Tcf. Of the balance that the country imported, approximately 43% came from Russia. The Posidonia, Namurian and Wealden shales discussed in this report contain 34 Tcf of risked shale gas in-place, with 8 Tcf of technically recoverable resource. Additional, still undefined shale potential likely exists in the Permian-Carboniferous shales.
Due to its significant offshore North Sea resource base, the Netherlands is
self-sufficient in natural gas. In 2009, the country produced 7.6 Bcfd of
natural gas, of which 4.7 Bcfd were consumed domestically. Despite the
country’s abundance of conventional gas, there is interest in exploring for
shale gas. The Netherlands’ portion of the Posidiana, Namurian and Wealden shales contain 66 Tcf of risked shale gas in-place, with 17 Tcf technically recoverable.
Sweden does not produce natural gas. The 164 Tcf of risked shale gas in-place and the 41 Tcf of technically recoverable shale gas resources could meet domestic consumption, at 0.1 Bcfd in 2009, far into the future.
Denmark is currently self-sufficient in natural gas, consuming 0.4 Bcfd of the 0.8 Bcfd it produced in 2009. However, the country is likely to become a net importer, as its natural gas reserves have been steadily falling (from 4 Tcf in 2005 to 2 Tcf in 2009) in the face of increasing production. The prospective area of Denmark contains an estimated 92 Tcf of risked shale gas in-place and 23 Tcf of technically recoverable resource, which could sustain the country’s current level of consumption far into the future.
Like the United Kingdom, Norway has a large endowment of natural gas resources from its North Sea fields. In 2009, the country produced 9.9 Bcfd of natural gas from 82 Tcf of reserves (almost half of Europe’s natural gas reserves), while only consuming 0.44 Bcfd. The Alum Shale could provide an additional 83 Tcf of recoverable resource, almost doubling the country’s existing natural gas resource base.
Though the United Kingdom’s North Sea and onshore fields provide substantial amounts of natural gas (5.7 Bcfd in 2009), it is currently a net importer, with natural gas consumption of 8.5 Bcfd in 2009. Like Denmark, the United Kingdom’s natural gas reserves have been in decline
decreasing from 27 Tcf in 2000 to 12 Tcf in 2009. The gas in-place (risked) in the Bowland and Liassic shales are estimated at 97 Tcf, with 20 Tcf of technically recoverable resource.
Russia has the world’s largest natural gas proved reserves, estimated at
1,680 Tcf in 2009. It is also the world’s largest natural gas exporter. Of the almost 60 Bcfd the country produced in 2009, it exported 17 Bcfd to Europe. With its large conventional natural gas resource base, Russia is unlikely to aggressively pursue shale gas reserves, though it likely is well endowed with these as well.
Like most of Eastern Europe, Ukraine depends on Russian gas to meet its consumption needs. In 2008, the country consumed 7.8 Bcfd of natural gas, of which 1.9 Bcfd was produced domestically from 39 Tcf of proved reserves. We estimate that Ukraine has 48 Tcf of gas in-place (risked) in the prospective area of the Dnieper-Donets Basin and 149 Tcf of gas in-place (risked) in the Lublin Basin. Of this 197 Tcf, we estimate 42 Tcf could be ultimately technically recoverable, representing a large increase in the country’s current reserve base.
Source: eia U.S. Energy Information Administration, April 2011, World Shale Gas Resources: An Initial Assessment of 14 Regions Outside the United States http://www.eia.gov/analysis/studies/worldshalegas/